Task II: Solar
Operating Agent: Anton Meier, PSI, Switzerland
- Robbie McNaughton, CSIRO, Australia
- Gilles Flamant, CNRS-PROMES, France
- Karl-Heinz Funken, DLR, Germany
- Michael Epstein, WIS, Israel
- Pietro Tarquini, ENEA, Italy
- Yong-Heack Kang, KIER, Korea
- Claudio Estrada, UNAM, Mexico
- Jan van Ravenswaay, NWU, South Africa
- Alfonso Vidal, CIEMAT, Spain
- Anton Meier, PSI, Switzerland
- Nathan Siegel, Bucknell University, USA
- Zhifeng Wang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
Nature of Work & Objectives
The primary objective of Task II – Solar Chemistry R&D – is to develop and optimize solar-driven thermochemical processes and to demonstrate their technical and economic feasibility at an industrial scale:
- Production of energy carriers: conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels that can be stored longterm and transported long-range. During this term, special focus is on solar thermal production of hydrogen and syngas.
- Processing of chemical commodities: use of solar energy for processing energy-intensive, high-temperature materials.
- Detoxification and recycling of waste materials: use of solar energy for detoxification and recycling of hazardous waste and of secondary raw materials.
Organization and Structure
The Task II Operating Agent, currently PSI, Switzerland, is responsible for organization, operation, and reporting. International solar chemical research, development and demonstration efforts are coordinated in cost, task and/or informationsharing activities by National Coordinators (NC), making use of an efficient network, for the rapid exchange of technical and scientific information. In 2011, we welcomed three new NCs: Robbie McNaughton from CSIRO for Australia, Pietro Tarquini from ENEA for Italy, and Nathan Siegel from Bucknell University for USA. We gratefully acknowledge the service provided by the former NCs: Keith Lovegrove, Australia, Paolo Favuzza, Italy, and Alan Weimer, USA. The Task II Annual Meeting provides a forum for presenting and discussing major technological achievements.
The Task II Program of Work provides an up-to-date description of the national and international projects. When appropriate, Task II conducts a status review on novel technologies for assessing their technical and economical feasibility. Task II is continuously striving to stimulate public awareness of the potential contribution of solar chemistry to clean, sustainable energy services.
Status of Technology
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the many ways in which solar chemical technologies may be used for the delivery of clean, sustainable energy services. In 2011, special focus was on the solar thermal production of fuels (hydrogen and syngas) and chemicals for the power, transportation and chemical sectors of the world energy economy. In 2011, solar chemistry research was presented at two major international conferences:
- 17th SolarPACES Conference , Granada, Spain, September 20-23, 2011: 16 papers were presented on solar fuels and chemical commodities.
- ASME 5th International Conference on Energy Sustainability, Washington DC, USA, August 7-10, 2011: 14 technical papers and additional 14 oral presentations were given in five solar chemistry sessions.
In the following link, the most important achievements in 2011 of Task II related projects are summarized with up-to-date information about project participation, objectives, status, and most relevant publications.
DOWNLOAD TASK II