India

CSP Project Development

Information Updated through November 2016 about CSP projects in development in India

Latest online: 50 MW Megha, trough CSP, operational since 2014

First online in 2011, the 2.5 MW ACME tower CSP, eSolar


CSP Potential

Country Data

 

India’s rapid economic growth will increase significantly the electricity demand during the next decades, therefore India needs to make massive investments in order to expand its current installed capacity and to improve the stability of its electric grid.

Area
3,287,263_km2
Population (2012)
1 210 193 422
GDP (2011)
1 847 982 US$ mill.
Installed power capacity (2012)
211.8 GW
Electricity consumption (2012)
855 000 GWh
RE installed capacity (2012)
11.45%
Generation from CSP (2012)
Primary energy production (2009)
502.5 MTOE
Primary energy net import (2009)
182 MTOE
Total primary energy supply (2009)
675.8 MTOE
Total final consumption (2009)
449.2 MTOE

Background on CSP Development

To reduce its dependence on imported coal (coal-fired plants account for 57% of India’s installed capacity) India is making favorable progress in introducing renewable energy power facilities. Regarding the implementation of CSP technologies, India has sufficient land area with suitable direct normal irradiation levels to make CSP emerge as a significant contributor to India’s energy mix.

In July 2010 India introduced a levy of Rs 50 per tonne (≈ US$ 1 per tonne) of coal both domestically produced and imported. This tax will help to finance a National Clean Energy Fund.

India’s first 2.5 MW CSP plant was commissioned in April 2011 at Bikaner, Rajasthan. The plant, developed by ACME Group, employs eSolar power tower technology and is expected to be scaled up to 10 MW.

The Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission was launched on the 11th January, 2010 by the Prime Minister setting an ambitious goal of deploying 20 GW of solar capacity by 2022. The Mission was divided into three phases: the first one up to 2013, second phase from 2013 to 2017 and the third phase from 2017 to 2022.

In the first phase, seven CSP proposals were selected, totaling 470 MW, with bids between Rs10.49/kWh and Rs12.24/kWh. These projects were expected to start operation before May 2013. The deadline for commissioning was extended due to delays in equipment supply suffered by most of these projects. In 2014, only 200 MW out of the 470 MW allocated had entered into operation.