The use of solid particles as direct heat absorbance and storage media promises enhanced storage densities in concentrated solar power (CSP) technologies. The long-term optical performance of those particles, which aim to be operational over years, is crucial. Dry powder coating with a deep black Cu-Mn-oxide pigment in a resonant acoustic mixer and subsequent sintering was employed to improve the long-term optical performance of hematite-rich spherical particles, which aimed to replace the state-of-the-art bauxite proppants. Due to the specific reactivity of the hematite particles, a new strategy using an Al-modified composition of the initial deep black pigment was required. The Al modification diminishes cation diffusion into hematite, allowing the formation of spinel-type Fe-Mn-Cu-Al-oxide coatings with favorable long-term temperature and optical stability. The effect of chemical composition of the coating layer on the coating process mechanism was discussed and the need for an elongated sintering time was noticed to ensure the termination of stable spinel phase formation. The structural and optical measurements revealed the enhancement of the properties of hematite absorber particles through this new modified coating process.
Alkan, G., Mechnich, P., & Pernpeintner, J. (2023). Using an Al-Incorporated Deep Black Pigment Coating to Enhance the Solar Absorptance of Iron Oxide-Rich Particles. Coatings, 13(11), 1925. https://doi.org/10.3390/coatings13111925
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